GII_Gender Inequality Index
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Contact and information

Information

Unit
Number
Contact
Arianna Caporali, Institut national d'études démographiques (INED)
9, cours des Humanités
CS 50004
93322 Aubervilliers Cedex
Phone : +33 (0)1 56 06 20 00
e-Mail: arianna.caporali@ined.fr
Reference time
Oldest data: 1995. Most recent data: 2017
Creation date
1/25/2019
Source
Generations and Gender Contextual Database. See 'Citation guidelines' for proper acknowledgement.
Matrix
CDB_GII
Footnotes

Footnotes

Source(s)used: Human Development Report (HDR). Data downloaded on 25/01/2019.
Citation Guidelines:
All data are free for scientific use only. For any other use, please contact the data producer directly to obtain authorization. Please cite the database as follows:
Generations and Gender Programme (Year). Generations and Gender Contextual Database. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (distributor).
Retrieved from: https://www.ggp-i.org/data/ggp-contextual-database/ on Day/Month/Year
If the data downloaded from the GGP Contextual Database comes only from one source (e.g. Eurostat), you might cite it as follows:
Original Source [e.g. Eurostat, © European Union, 1995-2019] (Data obtained through the Generations and Gender Contextual Database. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (distributor). Retrieved from: https://www.ggp-i.org/data/ggp-contextual-database/ on Day/Month/Year)
Please also check the original source for further information on the use of the data and proper citation.
Indicator (long name): Gender Inequality Index
Indicator (short name): GII
Definition: The Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects gender-based disadvantage in three dimensions—reproductive health, empowerment and the labour market for as many countries as data of reasonable quality allow. It shows the loss in potential human development due to inequality between female and male achievements in these dimensions. It ranges from 0, where women and men fare equally, to 1, where one gender fares as poorly as possible in all measured dimensions. The index is based on the general mean of general means of different orders (the first aggregation is by a geometric mean across dimensions; these means, calculated separately for women and men, are then aggregated using a harmonic mean across genders). The index is calculated based on data on:
  • Maternal mortality ratio (MMR): UN Maternal Mortality Estimation Group (2017).
  • Adolescent birth rate (ABR): UNDESA (2017).
  • Share of parliamentary seats held by each sex (PR): IPU (2018).
  • Population with at least some secondary education (SE): UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2018) and Barro and Lee (2016).
  • Labour force participation rate (LFPR): ILO (2018).
    See Technical note 4 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2018_technical_notes.pdf for further details on how the Gender Inequality Index is calculated. This document also provides the extensive list of bibliographic references and data sources used to produce this index.
Source of variable definition: Human Development Report (HDR)
Reference areas: Click here to download the list of reference areas and the respective geographical codes.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Armenia/Hayastani HanrapetutŽyun , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Australia/Australia , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Austria/Österreich , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Belgium/Belgique-België , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Bulgaria/Bulgaria , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Canada/Canada , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Croatia/Hrvatska , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Cyprus/Kibris , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Czech Republic/Ceská Republika , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Denmark/Danmark , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Estonia/Eesti , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Finland/Suomi , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): France/France , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Georgia/Georgia , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Germany/Deutschland , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Greece/Ellada , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Hungary/Magyarország , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Iceland/Ísland , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Ireland/Ireland , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Israel/Israel , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Italy/Italia , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Japan/Japan , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Kyrgyz Republic/Kyrgyzskaya Respublika , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Latvia/Latvija , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Lithuania/Lietuva , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Luxembourg/Luxembourg (Grand-Duché) , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Malta/Malta , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Moldova/Republica Moldova , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Netherlands/Nederland , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): New Zealand/New Zealand , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Norway/Norge , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Poland/Polska , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Portugal/Portugal , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Republic of Kazakhstan/Qazaqstan , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Republic of Tajikistan/Jumhurii Tojikiston , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Romania/Romania , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Russian Federation/Russia , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Slovakia/Slovenská Republika , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Slovenia/Slovenija , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Spain/España , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Sweden/Sverige , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Switzerland /Schweiz-Svizzera-Suisse , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Turkey/Türkiye , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): Ukraine/Ukraina , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): United Kingdom/United Kingdom , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.
Country (Engl. Name/Nat. Name): United States/United States , Year: 1995
Uses 'Share of seats in parliament' that refers to 1997.